1 Peter 5


Therefore, I exhort the elders among you, as your fellow elder and witness of the sufferings of Christ, and a partaker also of the glory that is to be revealed, 2 shepherd the flock of God among you, exercising oversight not under compulsion, but voluntarily, according to the will of God; and not for sordid gain, but with eagerness; 3 nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock. 4 And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory. 5 You younger men, likewise, be subject to your elders; and all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, for God is opposed to the proud, but gives grace to the humble.

 
These first verses from 1 Peter Chapter 5 are instructions for elders.
Verse 2 is all about elders watching over the flock willingly, without force, voluntarily, with eagerness…I don’t know why Peter felt the need to really hit home that an elder should serve willingly…but maybe not all elders were elders by choice.
Verse 3 reminds elders not to let the power go to their heads, instead lead by example.
Verse 4 reminds them that when Jesus returns there will be a reward for their good service.
Verse 5 reminds the young men to listen to their elders, basically don’t make their service tougher. And he goes on to remind both young men and elder to be humble to each other. He reminds them that God gives grace to the humble.
So I decided to look up the word “grace”
The NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon  http://www.biblestudytools.com
 Strong’s Number:   5485
Original Word
Word Origin
cariß
from (5463)
Transliterated Word
TDNT Entry
Charis
9:372,1298
Phonetic Spelling
Parts of Speech
khar’-ece
Noun Feminine
 Definition
  1. grace
    1. that which affords joy, pleasure, delight, sweetness, charm, loveliness: grace of speech
  2. good will, loving-kindness, favour
    1. of the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon souls, turns them to Christ, keeps, strengthens, increases them in Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise of the Christian virtues
  3. what is due to grace
    1. the spiritual condition of one governed by the power of divine grace
    2. the token or proof of grace, benefit
      1. a gift of grace
      2. benefit, bounty
      3. thanks, (for benefits, services, favors), recompense, reward
Cool 🙂
So then I looked up the word “humble”
The NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon
 Strong’s Number:   5011
Original Word
Word Origin
tapeinoß
of uncertain derivation
Transliterated Word
TDNT Entry
Tapeinos
8:1,1152
Phonetic Spelling
Parts of Speech
tap-i-nos’
Adjective
 Definition
  1. not rising far from the ground
  2. metaph.
    1. as a condition, lowly, of low degree
    2. brought low with grief, depressed
    3. lowly in spirit, humble
    4. in a bad sense, deporting one’s self abjectly, deferring servilely to others
I’m thinking this verse is using the “deferring servilely to others” meaning or even c.
I like the “ideal” picture of an elder that Peter paints here. Some one who is humble, who leads by example, who serves and shepherds their flock willingly, with eagerness which means they genuinely care and want to be there. Those are elders I would want to be around.
Therefore humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you at the proper time, 7 casting all your anxiety on Him, because He cares for you. 8 Be of sober spirit, be on the alert. Your adversary, the devil, prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour. 9 But resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same experiences of suffering are being accomplished by your brethren who are in the world. 10 After you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you. 11 To Him be dominion forever and ever. Amen.
Then I looked up the word “exalt”
The NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon
 Strong’s Number:   5312
Original Word
Word Origin
uyoo
from (5311)
Transliterated Word
TDNT Entry
Hupsoo
8:606,1241
Phonetic Spelling
Parts of Speech
hoop-so’-o
Verb
 Definition
  1. to lift up on high, to exalt
  2. metaph.
    1. to raise to the very summit of opulence and prosperity
    2. to exalt, to raise to dignity, honour and happiness
Verse 6 is a nice reminder for every believer to stay humble to God because the next part of the sentence reminds us that God will raise us up at the proper time if we do that. What a great promise!
Verse 7 tells us to give our anxiety to God because He cares about us. How many times do we waste time in our short lives stressing about things? We worry, we stress, we fear… and why? For what purpose? Do we think that God doesn’t have it handled? Do we think that God isn’t strong enough or knowledgeable enough to take care of things? Maybe the things that stress us out we think are too small to bother God with. Do we really think that the God of all creation isn’t capable of multi-tasking?  Give it to God!
As you can tell I am in a word study mood.
Your adversary, the devil, prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.
Of course, I had to look up a few words here. I looked up “adversary” and “devil”. I had to because I just watched a sermon on TV where the Pastor used this verse to paint a picture of Satan coming after people and I also just heard one on the radio that was really similar. Unfortunately, when I look up the words, it paints a little different picture or at least takes a little more thought…
The NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon
 Strong’s Number:   476
Original Word
Word Origin
antidikoß
from (473) and (1349)
Transliterated Word
TDNT Entry
Antidikos
1:373,62
Phonetic Spelling
Parts of Speech
an-tid’-ee-kos
Noun Masculine
 Definition
  1. opponent
    1. an opponent in a suit of law
    2. an adversary, enemy
 NAS Word Usage – Total: 5
adversary 1, opponent 3, opponent at law
The NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon
 Strong’s Number:   1228
Original Word
Word Origin
diaboloß
from (1225)
Transliterated Word
TDNT Entry
Diabolos
2:72,150
Phonetic Spelling
Parts of Speech
dee-ab’-ol-os
Adjective
 Definition
  1. prone to slander, slanderous, accusing falsely
    1. a calumniator, false accuser, slanderer,
  2. metaph. applied to a man who, by opposing the cause of God, may be said to act the part of the devil or to side with him
 NAS Word Usage – Total: 37
devil 34, malicious gossips 3
Your adversary, the devil, prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour. 9 But resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same experiences of suffering are being accomplished by your brethren who are in the world. 10 After you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you. 11 To Him be dominion forever and ever. Amen.
The theme of both adversary and devil seem to fall within a court of law or an accuser. Satan is the great accuser of mankind to God, so that is the main interpretation. But a lesser interpretation, could include anyone causing persecution to believers, they would be said to be an adversary or a devil too.
We always focus on Satan, but there have been many devils and adversaries throughout history and there will be more to come. We are seeing many devils in ISIS.
We are to resist our adversaries, the devils of this world, and Satan. We are to remain firm in our faith knowing that if we suffer, we won’t be the first to suffer or the last. Verse 10 reminds us that suffering does end and that God will take care of us.
Through Silvanus, our faithful brother (for so I regard him), I have written to you briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it! 13 She who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings, and so does my son, Mark. 14 Greet one another with a kiss of love.
Peace be to you all who are in Christ.
I find it interesting when I look up Silvanus and Mark in the concordance that both entries mention that they traveled with Paul on some of his missionary journeys. It doesn’t mention them traveling with Peter. Weird.
Anyway, these last verses are Peter acknowledging Silvanus and Mark and a mystery woman “She”. Greetings and farewell are given.
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